Sit-in movementnonviolent movement of the U. The sit-inan act of civil free interracial dating Islandwas a tactic that aroused sympathy for the demonstrators among moderates and uninvolved individuals. African Americans later ed by white activistsusually students, would go to segregated lunch counters luncheonettessit meet Newport rican men all available spaces, request service, and then refuse to leave when denied service because of their race. In addition to creating disruptions and drawing unwanted publicity, the action caused economic hardship for the owners of the businesses, because the sit-in participants took up spaces that normally were filled by paying customers.
From the s into the s, a majority of American states enforced segregation through "Jim Crow" laws so called interacial dating Pembroke Pines FL a black character in minstrel shows. From Delaware to California, and from North Dakota to Texas, many states and cities, too could impose legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another race.
The most common types of laws forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep their black and white clientele separated. Here is a sampling of laws from various states.
A on a door re "White Ladies Only. Board of Huntsville AL girl meet and School Desegregation Brown v. Bush: U. Reading Primary Sources: an introduction for students Appendix B.
Wills and inventories: a process guide Appendix C. Who created this source, and what do I know about her, him, or them? When was the source produced? Where was the source produced? Contextualize the Source What do I know about the historical context of this source? What do I know about how the Santa Cruz girl dating australian guy of this source fits into that historical context? Why did the person who created the source do so? Explore the Source What factual information is conveyed in this source?
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What is not said in the source? What is surprising or interesting about the source?
What do I not understand about the source? Analyze the Source How does the creator of the date ideas Lemon Grove convey information and make his or her point? How is the world descibed in the source different from my world?
How might others at the time have reacted to this source? Evaluate the Source How does this source compare to other primary sources? How does this source compare to secondary source s? What do I believe and disbelieve from this source?
What do I still not know — and where can I find that information? Evaluate the Source What do I believe and disbelieve from this source? How does this source compare to other primary sources? A Sampling of Jim Crow Laws.
Amateur Baseball It shall be unlawful for any amateur white baseball team to play baseball on any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of a playground devoted to the Negro race, and it shall be unlawful for any amateur colored baseball team to play baseball in any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of any playground devoted to the white race. Georgia Barbers No colored barber shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls. Georgia Blind persons The board of trustees shall Louisiana Burial The officer in charge shall not bury, or allow to be buried, free dating service Shreveport LA colored persons upon ground set apart or used for the burial of white persons.
Georgi Custody It shall be unlawful for any parent, relative, or other white person in this State, having the control or custody of any white child, by right of guardianship, natural or acquired, or otherwise, to dispose of, give or surrender such white child coffee meets bagel undo Rapids NY into the custody, control, maintenance, or support, of a negro.
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South Carolina Circus Tickets All circuses, shows, and tent exhibitions, to which the attendance of Florida Education The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately. Florida Separate schools shall be maintained for the children of the white and colored races. Mississippi Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a dating San Antonio Texas TX a black man school.
Missouri Separate rooms [shall] be provided for the teaching of pupils Detroit dating age African descent, and [when] said rooms are so provided, such pupils may not be admitted to the school rooms occupied and used by pupils of Caucasian or other descent. Oklahoma [The County Board of Education] shall provide schools of two kinds; those for white children and those for colored children.
Texas Books shall not be interchangeable between the white and colored schools, but shall continue to be used by the race dating while separated Palmdale using them. North Carolina Fishing, Boating, and Bathing The [Conservation] Commission shall have the right to make segregation of the white and colored races as to the exercise of rights of fishing, boating and bathing.
Oklahoma Hospital Entrances There shall be maintained by the governing authorities of every hospital maintained by the state for treatment of white and colored patients separate entrances for white and colored patients and visitors, and such entrances shall be used by the race only for which they are prepared. Mississippi Housing Any person Louisiana Intermarriage All marriages of white persons with Negroes, Mulattos, Mongolians, or Malaya hereafter contracted in the State of Wyoming are and shall be illegal and void.
Wyoming All marriages between a white person and a negro, or between a best to meet guys in Huntington WV person and a person of negro descent, to the third generation, inclusive, or between a white person and a member of the Malay race; or between the negro and a member of the Malay race; or between a person of Negro descent, to the third generation, inclusive, and a member of the Malay race, are forever prohibited, and shall be void.
Arizona All marriages between a white person and a negro, or between a white person and a person of negro descent to the common dating Ann Arbor MI generation inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. Florida It shall be unlawful for a white person to marry anyone except a white person. Any marriage in violation of this section shall be void. Georgia All marriages between No person having one-eighth part or more of negro blood shall be permitted to marry any white person, nor shall any white person be permitted to marry any negro or person having one-eighth part or more of negro blood.
Missouri The marriage of a white person with a negro or mulatto or person who shall have one-eighth or more of negro blood, shall be unlawful and void. Mississippi Juvenile Delinquents There shall be separate buildings, not nearer than one fourth mile to each other, one for dating in the Flint MI boys and one for negro white man dating Greensboro girl. White boys and negro boys shall not, in any manner, be associated together or native Lakewood CO men dating black women together.
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Florida Libraries The state librarian Visalia CA speed dating directed to fit up and maintain a separate place for the use of the colored people who may come to the library for the purpose of reading books or periodicals. North Carolina Any white person of such county may use the county free library under the rules and regulations prescribed by the commissioners court and may be entitled to all the privileges thereof. Said court shall make proper provision for the negroes of said county to be served through a separate branch or branches of the county free library, which shall be administered by [a] custodian of the negro race under the supervision of the county librarian.
Texas Mental Hospitals The Board of Control shall see that proper speed dating south Collins MS distinct apartments are arranged for said patients, so that in no case shall Negroes and white persons be together. Georgia Militia The white and colored militia shall be separately enrolled, and shall never be compelled to serve in the same organization. No organization of colored troops shall be permitted where white troops are available, and where permitted to be organized, colored troops shall be under the command of white officers.
North Carolina Mining The baths and lockers for the negroes shall be separate from the white race, but may be in the same building. Oklahoma Nurses Sex Merced free new person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which negro men are placed.
Parks It shall be unlawful for colored people dating an girl in Wilmington frequent date ideas Boardman park owned or maintained by the city for the benefit, use and enjoyment of white persons Georgia Pool and Billiard Rooms It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards. Alabama Prisons The warden shall see that the white convicts shall have separate apartments for both eating and sleeping from the negro convicts.
Mississippi Promotion of Equality Any person Mississippi Railro The conductor of each passenger train is authorized and required to as each passenger to the car or the division of the car, when Gainesville FL internet dating scams is divided by a partition, deated for the race to which such passenger belongs. Alabama All railroad companies and corporations, and all persons running or operating cars or coaches white man dating Greensboro girl steam on any railroad line or track in the State of Maryland, for the transportation of passengers, are hereby required to provide separate cars or coaches for the travel and transportation of the white and colored passengers.
Maryland The conductors or managers on all such railro shall have power, and are hereby required, to as to each white or colored passenger his or her respective car, coach or compartment. If the passenger fails to disclose his race, the conductor and managers, acting in good faith, shall be the sole judges of his race. Virginia Reform Schools The children of white and colored races committed to the houses of reform shall be kept entirely separate from each other.
Restaurants It shall be dating in rock hill Rhode Island to conduct a restaurant or other place for the serving Hampshire women dating african men food in the city, at which white and colored people are served in the same room, unless such white and colored persons are effectually separated by a solid partition extending from the floor upward to a distance of seven feet or higher, and unless a separate entrance from the street is provided for each compartment.
Alabama All persons d to conduct a restaurant, shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room or serve the two races anywhere under the same. Georgia No persons, firms, or corporations, who or which furnish meals to passengers at station restaurants or station eating houses, in times limited by common carriers of said passengers, shall furnish said meals to white and colored passengers in the same room, or at the same table, or at the same counter.
South Carolina Telephone Booths The Corporation Commission is hereby vested with power and authority to require telephone companies That the Corporation Commission shall determine the necessity for said separate booths only upon complaint of the people in the town and vicinity to be served after due hearing as now provided by law in other complaints filed with the Corporation Commission.
Oklahoma Theaters Every person Virginia Toilet Facilities Every employer of white or negro males shall provide for such white or negro males reasonably accessible and separate toilet facilities. Alabama Transportation The Utilities Commission North Carolina All passenger stations in this state operated by any motor transportation company shall have separate waiting rooms local Merced swingers white man dating Greensboro girl and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races.
Alabama Wine and Beer All persons d to conduct the business of Hickory white dating beer or wine Credit text Original Source. A bus station in Durham, North Carolina,